Types of Bonds In Brick Masonry
The following types of bonds are generally found in brick-work
- English Bond
- Flemish Bond
- Header Bond
- Stretcher Bond
- Facing Bond
- English Cross Bond
- Brick On Edge Bond
- Dutch Bond
- Raking Bond
- Garden Wall Bond
- It contains one stretcher among headers, with the headers which centered over the stretchers in the course underneath.
- When a course starts with a stretcher, the course will normally cease with a stretcher at the other end.
- Brickwork that displays as Flemish bond from both the front and rear is known as double Flemish bond.
- Bricks are placed in alternate courses of headers and stretchers.
- In this type of bond, damp may enter through transverse joints.
- Queen closures are included next to headers to create overlap.
- English bonds are the toughest but it should be remembered that the continuous vertical should be circumvented.
- The look is not so good similar to Flemish bonds.
- This bond contains three stretchers among each header.
- The headers are positioned centrally over the midpoint of three stretchers in the course underneath.
- Normally, it is applied as garden walls and are considerably inexpensive as compared to other bonds.
Garden Wall Bond
- It is suitable for 9 inch wall.
- It is applied when a fair face is essential on both sides.
- Wall is made of three or four courses of stretchers alternating with one of headers.
- It is very effective for building up the garden wall.
- Heading or Header Bond is placed on headers.
- It is useful for round quick sweeps.
- It is not recommended for straight work since it is very weak.
- This bond is suitable for facing of curved surface and footings in foundations.
- It is also called chimney bond or running bond.
- Bricks are placed in stretchers.
- It is applied in walls of half-brick in thickness.
- This bond doesn’t develop perfect internal bond.
Rules for superior brick bonding
- Consistent in size
- Bricks should be placed consistently all through the wall.
- Bricks should be utilized as small as possible.
- The bricks in the interiors of wall should be arranged as headers that means across the wall.
- The lap should not be in excess of 2 and ¼ inches.
- The vertical joints in each other course should remain vertically over one another.