Properties of concrete in civil engineering

Portland Cement

The cement and water develop a paste that creates a coating to the aggregates and sand in the mix. The paste gets solidified and combines the aggregates and sand jointly.

Water

The purpose of the water is to produce a chemical reaction with the cement (hydration) for developing heat to begin the drying and solidification process. Water is also employed to make concrete workable.

The amount of water provided in the mix in pounds in comparison to the amount of cement is known as the water/cement ratio. As the w/c ratio is reduced, the strength of the concrete is increased.