Types of Gabion Retaining Walls
Retaining walls are very effective for restraining unsteady embankments. Various types of retaining walls can be built up with bricks, concrete blocks, tyres, stabilized soil, wooden logs, etc. Now-a-day gabion baskets for retaining walls are extensively used. Under this system, dissimilar sized baskets are placed concurrently on a layer of geotextile, and tied jointly to develop a monolithic structure. Sometimes, local rock and soil infill are also used for growing vegetation.
Given below, the lists of different types of Gabion retaining walls :-
Skin revetment Gabion Wall
This wall is suitable where the embankment strength is secure, and the purpose of the wall is to resist shallow slope failures as well as rock falling out of the slope.
Gabion mass-gravity Catch Wall.
A gravity catch wall is effective for capturing rocks or soil falling out of the embankment to check the damage to vehicles and loss of life.
Gabion vertical faced Mass-gravity Wall
A vertical faced gabion retaining wall is suitable for an area where spacing is restricted and a wall should be constructed that does not consume a lot of space.
Terraced Gabion Wall
A small terrace is constructed with Garden gabions, to develop the slope of the land flatter, for playgrounds and sports fields.
Mass-gravity Gabion retaining wall (Dry)
This type of wall is suitable for situation where the embankment remains unsteady and contains no founding in a river situation, where a river mattress should be necessary.
Also read : DETAILS ABOUT SEISMIC DESIGN OF RETAINING WALL
Mass-gravity Gabion retaining Wall (Wet)
This wall has similarity with above, but it is founded in a river having soft river bed soil. Therefore, the adjustable river mattress apron is essential to resist scour at the toe of the gabion wall.