What are the Different Types of Floor Finishes?
A floor finish is a liquid that is put to a porous tile floor and dries into a firm, long-lasting, and smooth film. This film, which is about the thickness of waxed paper, is designed to safeguard and enhance the longevity of the floor while also creating a pleasing appearance and a slip-resistant surface.
What Does A Floor Finish Contain?
As many as twenty-five elements can be found in high-quality floor finishes. After drying, some of these substances evaporate, while others remain on the floor. Ingredients that evaporate are referred to as "volatile" components, whereas those that remain on the floor are referred to as "non-volatile" components.
The volatile elements aid in the development of the film, as well as the drying and curing of the finish, before evaporating. The solid components that stay on the floor and develop the floor finish film are known as non-volatile ingredients.
The elements in floor finishes combine to provide a well-balanced mix of physical and performance attributes. Hardness, gloss, clarity, scuff resistance, slip resistance, water and detergent resistance, buffability, removability, recoatability, and toughness are some of these properties.
(1) polymer emulsions, (2) film formers, (3) modifiers, (4) preservatives, and (5) water are the five basic types of floor finish ingredients.
Criteria For Flooring Selection
- It should be long-lasting.
- It should be simple to clean.
- Have a Professional Appearance
- Free of any moisture
- It is fire-resistant.
- Low cost of maintenance
Different Types Of Floor Finishes
Concrete Flooring (Vacuum Dewatered)
Under concrete flooring system, concrete is poured in place and vibrated with a poker vibrator. The surface is then vibrated with a screed vibrator, which is supported by channel shuttering spaced 4.0 metres apart. To get the best compaction and levelling, the screed vibrator is used twice. Following that, a system of lower mats and a top mat is installed on the green concrete and connected to a vacuum pump. This helps to remove any extra water.
Terrazzo Flooring (marble Chips )
In India, terrazo as well as tile floors were formerly quite popular and are still used in middle-class homes. However, unless the tiles are produced of the right materials and are properly cured, they are prone to pitting. It also requires polishing after installation, thus enough time should be allocated for its installation during the design stage in relation to the building's completion date.
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Synthetic rubber, such as styrene butadiene rubber, is used to make all modern rubber floors (SBR). By applying heat, the tiles are cured or vulcanized. Rubber floors are nonporous and watertight. One of their key advantages is that they are highly durable and can withstand a wide range of temperatures.
Alkalies, oils, grease, solvents, UV light, and ozone in the air can damage rubber flooring. When these elements attack a rubber floor, it often becomes sticky and soft. It will then become brittle, cracking and powdering.
Floors made of vinyl (IS 3492-1966)
Vinyl tiles and floors come in a variety of styles. Vinyl composition tiles, homogeneous or flexible vinyl tiles, and laminated vinyl flooring are the most common types. Vinyl composition tiles also incorporate mineral fillers like asphalt and colours in addition to the vinyl resins.
The cost of manufacturing laminated vinyl flooring is lower than that of vinyl composition or homogeneous vinyl flooring. The cheap initial cost may be misleading, because the floor will need to be replaced after the top wear layer is worn through. With moderate use, some laminated floorings are only guaranteed for three years. The thickness of the top vinyl wear layer will determine the price of laminated vinyl flooring.
Cork tile is manufactured from the outer bark of the cork oak tree, Cork is crushed into huge grains, combined with synthetic resins, and pressed into sheets before being cut into tiles. A transparent vinyl top layer is commonly put to contemporary cork tiles for floors. The cork is protected from stains and damage by this vinyl covering.
Cork tiles have a long history of being used in industrial and institutional contexts. One reason is because cork is one of the most porous of all floor coverings, making it subject to stains. Another disadvantage is that it is not long-lasting and is easily abraded. Cork floors will be badly shortened if cinders, sand, or gravel are tracked onto them. Finally, it is costly.
Dirt lodged in the grains, splintering of the wood fibres, abrasions produced by typical foot traffic, and, of course, dampness, the nemesis of wood floors, are all problems that unfinished woods face. A wood floor that receives too much moisture will warp, whereas a wood floor that receives too little humidity will shrink and crack. Most modern wood floors come with a factory-applied coating to assist prevent damage.
Linoleum (IS 653-1962)
Although vinyl has largely supplanted linoleum in modern structures, older facilities may still have linoleum flooring. Linoleum was made up of oxidised linseed oil, resins, embedded cork, and wood flour, all of which were pressed onto a backing with colours.
It comes in rolls with a width of around 1.80 metres or 3.60 metres. The thickness ranges from 2 to 6 millimetres. Linoleum tiles are another option for linoleum flooring. Linoleum flooring should be installed on a properly damp-proofed surface. Linoleum's disadvantage is that it is particularly vulnerable to water. The information on this site is solely for the purpose of education (students / users). Text, pictures, graphics, drawings and artwork, video, music and sound, and names, logos, and IS Codes are all copyrighted products of their respective owners and are used and presented on the Sites. They are supplied solely for the purpose of reference and information.